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Demographics of Chad

The total population of Chad is 15,353,184 people. The people of Chad speak French and Arabic. Chad's linguistic diversity is very diverse according to a fractionation scale that is 0.8635 for Chad. The average age is around 17.2 years. Life expectancy in Chad is 51 years. The female fertility rate in Chad is 6.5. About 3% of Chad's population is obese. Ethnic diversity is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale that is 0.862 for Chad. Details about the language, religion, age, gender distribution and advancement of the people of Chad can be found in the following sections, as well as the section on education in the country.


In Chad, the population density is 8.78 people per square kilometer (23 per square mile). Based on these statistics, this country is considered very barren. The total population of Chad is 15,353,184 people. There are approximately 331,251 foreign immigrants living in Chad. Immigrants in Chad make up 0.2 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. Immigrants in Chad make up 3.4 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. Ethnic diversity in Chad is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) is about the number, size, socioeconomic distribution and geographical location of different cultural groups, usually within a state or otherwise demarcated area. Specific cultural characteristics may refer, alone or in combination, to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria. These characteristics are often used for social exclusion and monopolization of power. The ethnic fractionalization index in Chad is 0.862. This means that there are a very large number of unique ethnic groups in Chad. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group proportions, which reflects the probability that two randomly selected individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Below you will find statistics for Chad on the average age and gender distribution at different ages.


The median age is approximately 17.2 years. The median age for men is 16.1, while the median age for women is 18.2.


The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.04. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.03; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.85; sex ratio over 64 - 0.73; total sex ratio - 0.92. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.


The majority religion of Chad is Islam, the followers of which comprise 55.3% of all religious believers in the country. Islam (Arabic: الإسلام‎) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, Arabic سنة, composed of accounts called hadith, Arabic حديث) of Muhammad, considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Besides Islam, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Chad are Hinduism, folk religions, Judaism. The religious diversity of Chad is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Chad. The index of religious fractionalization in Chad is 0.6411. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Chad.

General development

Chad is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Chad may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Chad, 2.1 in every 100 people use internet. Chad has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.372. Chad has a lower medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will struggle to attain a desirable life due to flawed economic and social systems. The migration rate in Chad is -3.45%. In Chad, 46.7% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Chad is very high when compared with other nations. This situation is indicative of a variety of alarming economic and political factors. It is not advisable to make any investments in countries with this level of poverty.


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